Tool Pin Profile

Numerical model for prediction of tool wear and worn-out pin profile during friction stir welding

Understanding tool wear during friction stir welding (FSW) is important for joining of high melting point metallic (HMPM) materials. Heat transfer and material flow based models developed in past have improved understanding of the FSW process. …

Wear-induced changes in FSW tool pin profile: effect of process parameters

Friction stir welding (FSW) of high melting point metallic (HMPM) materials has limited application due to tool wear and relatively short tool life. Tool wear changes the profile of the tool pin and adversely affects weld properties. A quantitative …