Friction Stir Welding

Atomically locked interfaces of metal (Aluminum) and polymer (Polypropylene) using mechanical friction

Joining different parts is one of the crucial components of designing/engineering of materials. Presently, the current energy efficient low weight automotive and aerospace components consist of a different class of materials, such as metals, …

Heat transfer modeling of dissimilar FSW of Al 6061/AZ31 using experimentally measured thermo-physical properties

A heat transfer numerical model is developed for friction stir welding of dissimilar materials Al 6061 and AZ31 alloy. Thermo-physical properties were experimentally determined for the stir zone and compared with the base alloys. Experimentally …

Numerical model for prediction of tool wear and worn-out pin profile during friction stir welding

Understanding tool wear during friction stir welding (FSW) is important for joining of high melting point metallic (HMPM) materials. Heat transfer and material flow based models developed in past have improved understanding of the FSW process. …

Towards attaining dissimilar lap joint of CuCrZr alloy and 316L stainless steel using friction stir welding

CuCrZr alloy (Cu-0.8wt-%Cr-0.1wt-%Zr) and 316L stainless steel (Fe-0.03wt-%C-16wt-%Cr-10wt-%Ni) plates were successfully friction stir lap welded resulting in significant mechanical mixing of the two matrix elements, Cu and Fe, in the stir zone. The …

Wear-induced changes in FSW tool pin profile: effect of process parameters

Friction stir welding (FSW) of high melting point metallic (HMPM) materials has limited application due to tool wear and relatively short tool life. Tool wear changes the profile of the tool pin and adversely affects weld properties. A quantitative …

Microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir processed cast Eglin steel (ES-1)

Eglin steel, an ultra-high-strength steel developed for various demanding applications, is a low-cost alternative to 4340 steel, in which nickel and cobalt additions are replaced by higher tungsten additions, thereby achieving comparable strength and …

Quantitative wear analysis of H13 steel tool during friction stir welding of Cu-0.8% Cr-0.1% Zr alloy

Joining of high strength materials using friction stir welding (FSW) is difficult due to severe tool wear and change in the shape/size of the tool. However, quantitative understanding of tool wear during FSW of high melting point metallic materials …

An assisted heating tool design for FSW of thermoplastics

An assisted heating tool design was used to obtain better weld surface finish, and lower chip formation and material loss during friction stir welding (FSW) of thermoplastics. The welded coupons of polypropylene with various tool rotational speeds …

A framework for shear driven dissolution of thermally stable particles during friction stir welding and processing

A framework is proposed to explain the dissolution and fragmentation of particles during friction stir welding and processing. Two major mechanisms dissolve the particle during the process: (i) thermally activated diffusion, and (ii) dislocation and …

Load Bearing Capacity of Tool Pin during Friction Stir Welding

Although friction stir welding (FSW) is now widely used for the welding of aluminum and other soft alloys, premature tool failure limits its application to hard alloys such as steels and titanium alloys. The tool pin, the weakest component of the …