Friction stir surface composites

Surface composites

Friction stir processing (FSP) is a suitable solid state processing route for surface composite preparation. Solid state processing route is superior in terms of compatibility and energy efficiency compared to conventional liquid state processing methods. The FSP, derived from the friction stir welding (FSW) process, is carried out at temperatures lower than the melting temperature of the base alloy. The surface composite preparation through FSP imparts minimal thermal effect on the processed material.